World Sickle Cell Anemia Day is celebrated on June 19 every year.
Sickle cell anemia is a genetic blood disorder characterized by misshapen red blood cells that can cause blockages, pain, and organ damage.
The World Health Organization seeks to create awareness of sickle cell disease and offer support for people with the disease.
Symptoms of sickle cell anemia:
- Episodes of pain.
- Swelling in the hands and feet.
- The susceptibility to infection again and again.
- Delayed growth or puberty.
- Vision problems
- This disease affects millions of people around the world.
- This disease is particularly common among those from Africa, South America, the Caribbean, Central America, Saudi Arabia, India, and Mediterranean countries such as Turkey, Greece, and Italy.
- Sickle cell anemia is a major public health concern. From 1989 to 1993, an average of 75,000 hospitalizations occurred. sickle cell disease in the United States, at a cost of approximately $475 million.
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There is currently no cure for sickle cell anemia, but treatment aims to manage symptoms, prevent complications, and improve quality of life.
Treatment may involve pain management during crises, blood transfusions to increase the number of normal red blood cells, medications to reduce complications, and other supportive measures.